Versailles, Treaty of

   The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors, at the palace of Versailles, between France (georges Clemenceau), its allies (United States: Woodrow Wilson; Italy: V. E. Orlando; Great Britain: David Lloyd George) and Germany. It brought an end to World War I. The negotiations, from which Germany was excluded, were not without difficulties. Clemenceau, eager to affirm French hegemony in Europe, encountered the opposition of Great Britain and the united states; the Japan had claims based on a conflict with China; the refusal to recognize italy's right to annex Fiume and Dalmatia provoked the momentary departure of orlando. Preceded by the League of Nations pact, the treaty included territorial, military, and financial clauses. The first consisted of the restoration of Alsace-Lorraine to France; the ceding of the districts of Eupen and Malmédy to Belgium; the areas of Posnania and part of West Prussia to Poland, which also gained access to the sea (Polish Corridor); the administration of the saar by the League of Nations for a period of 15 years (after which a plebiscite would be held), as well as in silesia and East Prussia; the abandonment by Germany of its colonies, the mandates of which would be given to France, Belgium, Great Britain, the Union of South Africa, and Japan. The military clauses of the treaty stipulated that the German army could not exceed 100,000 troops and 16,000 for the navy (with no submarines), and the air force would be disbanded. The financial clauses outlined the reparations to be paid by Germany in goods and supplies as well as in money in installments. Finally, to guarantee the application of the treaty, which would become effective in January 1920, it was determined that the left bank of the Rhine River (the Rhineland) would be occupied by Allied forces (as well as three bridgeheads on the right bank: Mainz, Coblenz, and Cologne) for a period of 15 years, after which the Rhineland would be demilitarized. This treaty, which was imposed on Germany, was never accepted by that nation. To erase the diktat of Versailles became one of the political goals of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi followers.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Versailles, Treaty of — International agreement, signed in 1919 at the Palace of Versailles, that concluded World War I. It was negotiated primarily by the U.S., Britain, and France, without participation by the war s losers. Germany was forced to accept blame for… …   Universalium

  • Versailles Treaty —    German opinion of the settlement that ended World War I was clear from the outset. The Saar* basin... Poland,* Silesia, Oppeln . . . 123 milliards to pay and for all that we are supposed to say Thank you very much, an embittered German… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Versailles treaty — agreement signed at the end of World War I between Germany and the Allies …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Versailles, Treaty of —    Signed between Great Britain and the rebellious thirteen colonies, 1783. Acknowledged the independence of the thirteen colonies; settled the boundaries between the latter and British North America; dealt with the fisheries question; and… …   The makers of Canada

  • Versailles, Treaty of — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Treaty of Versailles — otheruses4|the Treaty of Versailles of 28 June 1919, at the end of World War I|other uses|Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) Infobox Treaty name = Treaty of Versailles long name = Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Versailles (disambiguation) — The Treaty of Versailles refers to the 1919 peace treaty that officially ended World War I. The Treaty of Versailles may also refer to several other treaties:*Treaty of Versailles (1756), a defense alliance treaty between France and Austria; see… …   Wikipedia

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

  • Treaty of Versailles (1787) — For other treaties of the same name, see Treaty of Versailles The Versailles Treaty of 1787 (French: Traité de Versailles de 1787 ) was a treaty of alliance signed between the French king Louis XVI and the Vietnamese Prince Nguyễn Ánh, the future …   Wikipedia

  • Versailles — /ver suy , veuhr / or, Fr. /verdd sah yeu/, n. a city in and the capital of Yvelines, in N France, ab. 12 mi. (19 km) SW of Paris: palace of the French kings; peace treaty between the Allies and Germany 1919. 97,133. * * * ▪ France  capital of… …   Universalium

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